Image: Types of Electric Vehicles

What Type of Electric Vehicles Are There?

Electric Vehicles (EVs) are becoming increasingly popular and there are several types of EVs available to consumers. Here's a breakdown of the most common types:

Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs)

Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs) are fully electric vehicles that don't use a gasoline engine. They rely on a rechargeable battery pack for power and are considered zero-emission vehicles since they don't produce harmful tailpipe emissions or air pollution.

Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs)

Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs) use both a gas-powered engine and an electric motor to power the vehicle. HEVs can use regenerative braking to recharge the battery, which captures energy that is normally lost during braking. The captured energy is repurposed to assist the gasoline engine during acceleration.

Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs)

Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs) also use both an engine and an electric motor, but they have a larger battery and can be plugged into a grid to recharge. PHEVs can travel for several dozen miles on electric power alone before the gas engine provides assistance. Once the all-electric range is depleted, the vehicle operates like a regular hybrid and can travel a distance on a tank of gasoline.